A long-held military maxim is to take the high ground and hold it. That may be outdated in today’s electronic and high-tech battlefields, but that notion still holds true for scientific research and engineering. Research is the foundation for engineering invention, and that leadership in engineering underpins our national security and economy. Retaining the high ground in research and engineering is necessary to deter future conflicts, win future wars and maintain our standard of living.
Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.
To build a better world through science, researchers joined forces on a new initiative called ‘The Science Bridge’. So far, it has received endorsements from over 200 eminent scientists from around the world, including 29 Nobel Laureates. The first goal of the initiative is to engage intercultural research collaborations for accelerating basic scientific discovery and advancing the treatment of diseases. The second aim is to improve human relations between the diverse world cultures, with the current project focusing on Western and Middle-Eastern/South-Asian countries.
The UC Riverside entomologist studies the world’s deadliest creature: the Aedes aegypti mosquito, whose bite transmits diseases that kill millions each year. But that’s not the reason for all the extra security. Akbari isn’t just studying mosquitoes--he’s re-engineering them with self-destruct switches. And that’s not something you want accidentally escaping into the world.
The United States enacted the world’s first research and development tax credit in 1981. The size of the credit is rather small: The Joint Committee on Taxation estimates that it will cost taxpayers $57.5 billion over five years. Unlike most other special provisions, the credit actually addresses a clear market failure. When firms invest in research, most of the benefit goes to society in general.
The initial federal research investment is small. Eighty percent of the companies in the report cited less than $5 million as the amount of federal funding received for their foundational work. For 40 percent of companies, this amount was less than $1 million. The 102 companies highlighted are predominantly small businesses, like most companies in the United States. Sixty-five percent of companies have fewer than 100 employees. Yet, the companies collectively employ 8,900 people.
Transparent biosensors embedded into contact lenses could soon allow doctors and patients to monitor blood glucose levels and a host of other telltale signs of disease without invasive tests.
The ultimate goal of this work is to increase support for policies and programs that promote investment of resources (e.g., time, funding, staff, infrastructure) in the science and practice of implementation. To this end, FrameWorks’ research provides strategic communications recommendations designed to help people understand that supporting successful implementation is critical to improving outcomes for children, families and communities.
A new map of the human brain could be the most accurate yet, as it combines all sorts of different kinds of data. This might finally solve a century of disagreements over the shapes and positions of different brain areas.
The Office of Naval Research celebrates 70 years of innovating and inventing important new technology for the Navy and Marine Corps team. The Chief of Naval Research Rear Adm. Mat Winter and Director of Research for ONR Dr. Larry Schuette explain why this milestone is so important, and what the role of ONR is going into the next 70 years.