IBM Research announced Tuesday (Oct. 24, 2017) that its scientists have developed the first “in-memory computing” or “computational memory” computer system architecture, which is expected to yield yield 200x improvements in computer speed and energy efficiency -- enabling ultra-dense, low-power, massively parallel computing systems.
“IUCRCs are collaborative research centers that pull together industry and university personnel to tackle basic research questions in engineering and computer science,” says Olena Leonchuk, a postdoctoral researcher at North Carolina State University and lead author of a paper describing the work. “There are clear benefits to both industry and universities, but our fundamental question was: To what extent do graduate students benefit from being part of an IUCRC while in grad school?”
Universities are renowned as being the hub of many great individuals conducting ground-breaking research, with innovation acting as the driving force behind many of these institutions. Reuters has recently released it’s 2017 edition of the world’s most innovative universities, ranking a considerable number of US universities at the top end of the table, with a total of 51 of the 100 uni
Funding proposals that require scientists to declare what about their project will be “transformative” to their field can set back the field as a whole, according to a study from Oregon State University researchers. Sarah Gravem, a postdoctoral scholar in integrative biology and lead author of the study, said asking scientists to attempt to shift the paradigm in every proposal is not only unrealistic, but potentially harmful.
An international team led by MIT associate professor of materials science and engineering Geoffrey Beach has demonstrated a practical way to use “skyrmions” to create a radical new high-speed, high-density data-storage method that could one day replace disk drives -- and even replace high-speed RAM memory.
Biologists continue to hone their tools for deleting, replacing or otherwise editing DNA and a strategy called CRISPR has become one of the most popular ways to do genome engineering.
By sequencing a remarkably complete genome from a 50,000-year-old bone fragment of a female Neandertal found in Vindija Cave in Croatia, researchers report online today in Science a new trove of gene variants that living people outside of Africa obtained from Neandertals. Some of this DNA could influence cholesterol levels, the accumulation of belly fat, and the risk of schizophrenia and other diseases.
A team of University of Wisconsin–Madison (UW-Madison) engineers has created “the most functional flexible transistor in the world,” along with a fast, simple, inexpensive fabrication process that’s easily scalable to the commercial level. The development promises to allow manufacturers to add advanced, smart-wireless capabilities to wearable and mobile devices that curve, bend, stretch and move.
The initial federal research investment is small. Eighty percent of the companies in the report cited less than $5 million as the amount of federal funding received for their foundational work. For 40 percent of companies, this amount was less than $1 million. The 102 companies highlighted are predominantly small businesses, like most companies in the United States. Sixty-five percent of companies have fewer than 100 employees. Yet, the companies collectively employ 8,900 people.
Transparent biosensors embedded into contact lenses could soon allow doctors and patients to monitor blood glucose levels and a host of other telltale signs of disease without invasive tests.