Sens. Chris Coons, D-Delaware, and Lindsey Graham, R-South Carolina; and Reps. Ben Ray Luján, D-New Mexico, and Joe Wilson, R-South Carolina, recently introduced bipartisan, bicameral legislation to establish a nonprofit foundation for the U.S. Department of Energy that would channel private-sector investments and accelerate the commercialization of innovative technologies in energy.
The National Science Foundation (NSF) joins with other U.S. federal agencies and international partners in its support for a declaration to create an International Brain Initiative. Representatives from the United States, Australia, Europe, Japan and Korea made the declaration at the Australian Academy of Science in Canberra, Australia last week. The declaration coincides with the launch of a new Australian Brain Initiative.
The federal government announced on Tuesday that it is lifting a three-year moratorium on funding controversial research that involves genetically altering viruses in ways that could make them more contagious, more deadly, or both--and that critics say risks triggering a catastrophic pandemic.
Replacing devices based on 19th-century technology* and still in use, Cornell University engineers have developed a simple method for gathering blood pressure, heart rate, and breath rate from multiple patients simultaneously. It uses low-power radio-frequency signals and low-cost microchip radio-frequency identification (RFID) “tags” -- similar to the ubiquitous anti-theft tags used in department stores.
Scientists from SRI International and Collaborations Pharmaceuticals in the US have identified a potential new inhibitor, tilorone dihydrochloride, for infection by Ebola virus. The researchers used machine learning methods to find the immunomodulatory drug, which is reported to have demonstrated significant efficacy with 100% survival in a disease model of the virus.
A long-held military maxim is to take the high ground and hold it. That may be outdated in today’s electronic and high-tech battlefields, but that notion still holds true for scientific research and engineering. Research is the foundation for engineering invention, and that leadership in engineering underpins our national security and economy. Retaining the high ground in research and engineering is necessary to deter future conflicts, win future wars and maintain our standard of living.
Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.
To build a better world through science, researchers joined forces on a new initiative called ‘The Science Bridge’. So far, it has received endorsements from over 200 eminent scientists from around the world, including 29 Nobel Laureates. The first goal of the initiative is to engage intercultural research collaborations for accelerating basic scientific discovery and advancing the treatment of diseases. The second aim is to improve human relations between the diverse world cultures, with the current project focusing on Western and Middle-Eastern/South-Asian countries.
The UC Riverside entomologist studies the world’s deadliest creature: the Aedes aegypti mosquito, whose bite transmits diseases that kill millions each year. But that’s not the reason for all the extra security. Akbari isn’t just studying mosquitoes--he’s re-engineering them with self-destruct switches. And that’s not something you want accidentally escaping into the world.
The United States enacted the world’s first research and development tax credit in 1981. The size of the credit is rather small: The Joint Committee on Taxation estimates that it will cost taxpayers $57.5 billion over five years. Unlike most other special provisions, the credit actually addresses a clear market failure. When firms invest in research, most of the benefit goes to society in general.